Study in Australia:
While Captain James Cook is credited with Australia’s European discovery in 1770, a Portuguese possibly first sighted the country, while the Dutch are known to have explored the coastal regions in the 1640s.
The first European settlement of Australia was in January 1788, when the First Fleet sailed into Botany Bay under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip. Originally established as a penal colony, by the 1830s the number of free settlers was increasing. Transportation of convicts to the eastern colonies was abolished in 1852 and to the western colonies in 1868.
Independence: The British Colonies of Australia were federated and the Commonwealth of Australia is established on January 01, 1901.
Major Cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Canberra are considered to be major cities not only in Australia but also in the world.
Living in Australia: Australia is a unique and diverse country in every way – in culture, population, climate, geography, and history.
Population: As of October 2012, Australia’s population is roughly 22.7 million people. The most populous states are New South Wales and Victoria, with their respective capitals, Sydney and Melbourne, the largest cities in Australia.
Australia’s population is concentrated along the coastal region of Australia from Adelaide to Cairns, with a small concentration around Perth, Western Australia. The centre of Australia is sparsely populated.
Climate: The majority of Australia experiences temperate weather for most of the year.
The northern states of Australia are typically warm all the time, with the southern states experiencing cool winters but rarely sub-zero temperatures.
Snow falls on the higher mountains during the winter months, enabling skiing in southern New South Wales and Victorian ski resorts, as well as the smaller resorts in Australia’s island state, Tasmania.
Geography: Australia is an island continent and the world’s sixth largest country (7,682,300 sq km).
Lying between the Indian and Pacific oceans, the country is approximately 4,000 km from east to west and 3,200 km from north to south, with a coastline 36,735 km long.
Canberra is Australia’s capital city. With a population of approximately 320,000 people and situated in the Australian Capital Territory, Canberra is roughly half way between the two largest cities Melbourne and Sydney.
Australia has 19 listed World Heritage properties. Australia is also famous for its landmark buildings including the Sydney Harbour Bridge; its ancient geology, as well as for its high country.
Culture: Australian culture is as broad and varied as the country’s landscape. Australia is multicultural and multiracial and this is reflected in the country’s food, lifestyle and cultural practices and experience.
Australia has an important heritage from its indigenous people, which plays a defining role in the cultural landscape.
This diversity of influences creates a cultural environment in Australia that is lively, energized, innovative and outward looking.
Education System: The Australia Education system offers over 12,000 courses that are recognized internationally and are of world class standards. The tuition fees and living costs to study in Australia compare better than most other countries with quality tuition being more affordable than in the UK, USA or Canada, whilst offering a safe studying environment for international students, and a standard of living that is among the highest in the world.
Australia has the third largest number of international students in the English-speaking world behind the USA and UK, but in many counties Australia is many students’ first choice for international study. Australian Education has a standardized system of qualifications, and together with great lifestyle opportunities there is no wonder why more than 200,000 international students choose to study in Australia. This together with Australia’s long history of teaching international students is proof enough that international students at Australian universities in Australia and their parents enjoy a level of service and financial protection that is unrivalled.
Australia has a dynamic multicultural society in which students can learn and travel in an English speaking country. There is the added advantages of being in close proximity to Asia, and the fact that international students can work up to 20 hours per week during semester and full-time during vacation periods.
All institutions from Australian Schools to Australian Universities, Australian English Colleges to Australian Vocational Education and Training colleges and TAFE’s must be registered with the Australian Government and meet stringent Australian education registration conditions ensuring that courses are of high standards in both ethics and quality.
Legal system: Australia follows a Westminster system of government and law inherited from the British who originally colonized the country.
There are two main political parties and a number of minor parties, which make up the Commonwealth Parliament. Each state and territory also has its own government.
Work Rights in Australia: If you have been granted Permission to Work, there are restrictions on the number of hours you can work. If you were granted a Student visa on or after 26 April 2008, you and your dependent family members will already have Permission to Work automatically included with your visa. If you were granted a Student visa before 26 April 2008 and have not yet applied for Permission to Work, you and your family members may only apply for Permission to Work after you have started your course in Australia.
You cannot undertake work until you have commenced your course in Australia. When your course has commenced you can work a maximum of 20 hours per week during the term and unlimited hours when your course is not in session.
Notes: Work that is a formal registered part of your course is not included in the limit of 20 hours per week. If you are doing voluntary, unpaid work, it is not included in the limit of 20 hours per week if it: o is of benefit to the community o is for a non-profit organization o would not otherwise be undertaken in return for wages by an Australian resident (that is, it is a designated volunteer position), and is genuinely voluntary (that is, no remuneration, either in cash or kind is received—board and lodging acceptable).
Dependent family members granted Permission to Work
Dependent family members:
• Can work up to 20 hours per week at all times
• Must not start work until the primary visa holder has commenced the course in Australia
• Have unlimited work rights if the primary visa holder has commenced a course towards a masters or doctorate degree The department considers your course to be ‘in session’:
• For the duration of the advertised semesters (including periods when exams are being held)
• If you have completed your studies and your Confirmation of Enrolment is still in effect
• If you are undertaking another course, during a break from your main course and the points will be credited to your main course.
You can work unlimited hours if you are a PhD or Masters student and you have submitted your thesis for marking.